Je vais participer à la conférence internationale intitulée « Sécurité dans le Golfe ». J’interviendrai lors de la seconde session du deuxième jour de la conférence. Retrouvez le programme de la conférence ci-dessous (en anglais) :
Arabian Gulf and Regional Challenges
15-17 septembre 2014
Riyadh, Arabie Saoudite
Day One: September 16, 2014
10:30-12:00 Session One: The GCC and Regional Changes
The first session will explore and analyze the GCC states’ positions on the evolving changes occurring in the geostrategic sphere during the past few years, with a focus on how these states assess the nature and magnitude of the political and strategic challenges presented by these changes. The session will also review the GCC states’ perceptions of the traditional challenges and the new developments affecting the security and stability of the region, and how such developments affect the GCC states in the long and short term. The objective will be to better understand how such new challenges impact the outlook and direction of the relations of the GCC states with their neighboring countries and other external powers.
Professor Abdulkarim H. Al-Dekhayel, Director-General, Institute of Diplomatic Studies, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
Dr. Abdulaziz Sager, Chairman, Gulf Research Center
H.R.H. Prince Saud al-Faisal Bin Abdulaziz Al-Saud, Foreign Minister, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
H.R.H. Prince Abdulaziz Bin Abdullah Al-Saud, Vice-Minister for Foreign Affairs, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
H.H. Shaikh Abdullah Bin Zayid Al-Nahyan, Minister of Foreign Affairs, United Arab Emirates
H.E. Dr. Abdul Latif bin Rashid Al-Zayani, Secretary-General, Gulf Cooperation Council
12:30-14:00 Session Two: Regional Challenges to the Arabian Gulf (Iraq/Iran/Syria)
The second session will evaluate the regional security challenges facing the states of the Arabian Gulf – the six GCC states, Iraq and Iran – including threats emanating from countries going through internal conflicts, such as Syria, which has serious ramifications for the security of these states. The session will explore Iran’s position within the regional system and the nature of its interactions with the rest of the regional actors, and the role that Iraq plays within this regional system in light of recent developments. In addition, the session will pay particular attention to the dangerous consequences that the Syrian crisis could have for the stability and security of the Arabian Gulf region as a whole.
H.R.H. Prince Khaled Bin Bandar Bin Abdulaziz Al-Saud, Deputy Minister of Defence, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
H.E. Shaikh Sabah Al Khalid Al Sabah, Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Foreign Affairs, State of Kuwait
H.E. Hoshyar Zebari, Minister of Foreign Affairs, Republic of Iraq
H.E. Seyed Hossein Mousavian, The former head of the Foreign Relations Committee of the Supreme National Security Council, Islamic Republic of Iran
A Speaker from the National Coalition for Syrian Revolutionary and Opposition Forces
15:00-16:30 Session Three: Gulf Security and the Impact of Regional Political Transformations
The third session will look at the political and strategic impact on the GCC states of the political transitions occurring in Egypt, Tunisia and Yemen. With these countries continuing to struggle to re-establish degrees of political order, the decline of state power and the resulting political vacuum could have numerous consequences for the stability of the Arabian Gulf countries as well. This includes, for example, the rising threat from · extremist and terrorist groups. In addition, this session will include a discussion on the short- and medium-term impact of the stumbling peace process in the Middle East.
H.E. Yusuf Bin Alawi Bin Abdullah, Minister Responsible for Foreign Affairs, Sultanate of Oman
H.E. Sameh Shoukry, Minister of Foreign Affairs, Arab Republic of Egypt
H.E. Dr. Abu Bakr Al Qirbi, Minister of Foreign Affairs, Republic of Yemen
H.E. Dr. Saeb Erekat, Palestinian Chief Negotiator, State of Palestine
A speaker from Libya or Tunisia
Day Two: September 17,2014
9:00–10:30 Session Four: Unconventional and Asymmetrical Challenges
Session Four aims to analyze the unconventional and asymmetrical challenges facing the countries of the Arabian Gulf region. On top of these challenges come the dangers stemming from nuclear proliferation including that from an existing nuclear capable state in the region Israel, and from one believed to have ambitions to develop a nuclear arsenal, Iran. Furthermore, this session will discuss the impact of the growing activities of transnational terrorist organizations in light of recent developments in countries such as Afghanistan, Iraq, Syria, and Libya. Another important new aspect is that of cyber warfare with the region finding itself increasingly under attacks, especially against websites and critical infrastructure. The increased power of non-state actors across the region, their role in the formation of the regional order, and their capability to conduct asymmetrical warfare will also be looked at.
H.E. Dr. Yukiya Amano, Director-General, International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
H. E. Shaikh Khalid Bin Ahmed Bin Mohammed Al Khalifa, Minister of Foreign Affairs, Kingdom of Bahrain
General Asif Yaseen Malik, Defence Secretary of the Menistry of Defence, Pakistan
10:45-12:15 Session Five: External Powers and the Security of the Arabian Gulf (USA/Russia/ UK/France)
External powers have always played a key role in the affairs of the Gulf region to varying degrees. This session, therefore aims to focus on the nature and the limits of these powers’ security role in a changing regional and global context, including a cJoser look at bow these powers view the future of regional security and their interactions with the key regional powers. One key aspect is the continued US commitment to play a pivotal role in preserving the security of the region, in light of recent developments in the global energy market. Other aspects include the policies of the Uuilt!d Kingdom and France as well as the nature and limits of Russia’s relations with the region.
H.E. William Burns, Deputy Secretary of State, The United States of America
H.E. Sergey Vershinin, Director of the Russian Ministry of Foreign Affairs Department for Middle East and North Africa, Russian Federation
H.E. Hugh Robertson, Minister of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs, United Kingdom
H.E. Senator Nathalie Goulet, Member of the Senate, French
12:45-14:15 Session Six: Gulf Security and the Role of Rising Powers: (China/EU/Japan/lndia)
Recent changes at the international and regional levels have provided a window of opportunity for a number of new powers to play an increased global role. This session will look at those opportunities in a regional context, presenting the positions of these powers, namely China, the European Union, India, and Japan, in relation to the security and stability of the region. Key questions to consider are the potential role that could be played by these powers in protecting the free flow of energy from the region to Asia and Europe, the views of these powers on how to ensure the security and stability of the region, and their interactions with the regional and other key external powers.
H.E. Wang Yi, Foreign Minister, People’s Republic of China
The Honorable Baroness Catherine Ashton, EU High Representative for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy, Vice President, European Commission
H.E. Fumio Kishida, Minister for Foreign Affairs, Japan
H.E. Sushma Swaraj, Minister of External Affairs, Republic of India
15:15-17:00 Session Seven: Future Perspectives
The seventh and final session aims to present future perspectives on the political, strategic, and economic dimensions of the Arabian Gulf region. From a political perspective, this includes examining the ability of the countries in the region to deal with the numerous and potentially negative ramifications of the unstable situation that exists in the GCC’s geostrategic environment. It also focuses on the capability of the GCC countries through their preemptive diplomatic efforts to end sectarianism, hegemonic ambitions, and external intervention in their affairs.
Strategically, the focus is on the building of an effective regional security framework to achieve Gulf security that can serve as a mechanism to solve regional disputes as well as manage relations with external powers that have vital interests in the region. The economic dimension will present ideas on how the Arabian Gulf countries can overcome a variety of challenges: diversifying their economies to prepare for the posthydrocarbon era, improving levels of education and strengthening human capital, providing a framework that encourages innovation, and increasing productivity levels within the private sector in order to generate more employment opportunities. Finally, there is the question of whether national economies are able to engage and compete successfully within the global economy and to reap the opportunities provided by the process of globalization.
H.R.H. Prince Turki Bin Faisal Bin Abdulaziz Al-Saud, Chairman, King Faisal Center for Research and Islamic Studies, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
H. E. Dr. Mohamed Bin Saleh Al Sada, Minister of Industry and Energy, State of Qatar
H. E. Dr. Hans-Gert Pöttering, Konrad Adenauer Foundation, Germany
H. E. Dr.Yoon Sang-jick, Minister of Trade, Industry and Energy, Republic of Korea